The capital of the Northeastern state of Tripura, Agartala is a beautiful city situated on the Haroa river. Dotted with a number of historical sites and ancient buildings and surrounded by lush greenery, Agartala serves as a perfect tourist place. The historical buildings and the ancient monuments and sites in Agartala speak loud about the glorious history of the place.
History of Agartala
The history of Agartala should be understood in the context of the history of Tripura. Earlier Tripura was a princely state called “Swadhin Tripira” and its capital was located at Rangamati, the modern day Udaipur in South Tripura. Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur of the Manikya dynasty shifted the capital to present Agartala by the bank of river Howrah in 1760 and it was named Havele. Due to the Kuki invasion the maharaja shifted the capital from old Haveli to new Haveli. The capital Agartala was founded in 1838 by Maharaja Krishna Chandra Manikya Bahadur. During the British rule Agartala served as the capital of the erstwhile Hill Tippera state. In 1874-75 Agartala became a municipality. In 1963 Tripura became a centrally administered Union Territory and attained the status of a full fledged state in 1972 and Agartala was made the capital of the state.
The name Agartala is a component of two words “agar” and “tala”. While “agar” is a kind of oily valuable perfume tree, “tala” means a store house.
Location and climate of Agartala
Located on the Haroa river, Agartala is situated at a distance of only 2 km from Bangladesh. Situated at an elevation of 42 feet, the Agartala city has an area of 58.84 km per sq and its geographical coordinates are 23 °30 N 91 °30 E. The Agartala city experiences a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate and receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. Summer in the beautiful city starts from April and lasts till October accompanied by humidity and the average temperature during this time of the year is 28 degrees. The winter months could be experienced from November to March. Winter months are normally dry and the average temperature during winter is 18 degrees.
Culture of Agartala
Agartala is a culturally developed city. The Bengali and Tripuri communities in Agartala have kept intact the unique culture of the city. Due to the regal patronage and influx of Bengalis from Sylhet, Comilla, and Noakhali districts from Bangladesh the Bengali culture is prominent here in Agartala. The Tripuri tribes are original inhabitants of the kingdom of Tripura. The Tripuris mainly live on the slope of the hills and they speak the Kokborok dialect, the standard language of the Debbarma tribe. Kokborok is spoken around Agartala and in the Krishnanagar area of the city. So both these communities have made Agartala a beautiful place to reside. Festivals like Durga puja, Saraswati puja, Holi, Diwali, New Year, Kharchi and Garia puja are celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm in the city.
Agartala Tourism and Transport
An incredibly beautiful city, Agartala is a place tourists would love to visit. Tourists would be mesmerized by the sheer beauty of the place which is dotted with historical monuments like the Ujjayanta Palace, Neermahal, Kunjaban and Malancha Niwas, absolutely beautiful religious spots like the Fourteen Goddess Temple, Jagannath temple, Ram Thakur’s Ashram, Durga Bari temple, Pagla Debata temple, Laxmi Narayan temple and Gedu Mia’s mosque and spots like Sipahijala Zoo, Tripura State Museum and Sukh Sagar known for possessing immense beauty. Once in Agartala do visit the Gol Bazar and Kaman Chowmuhani which are the main business areas of the city.
Agartala has a well connected air, rail and road network. Therefore, communication to and in Agartala would be an easy and convenient process. By Air Agartala is served by the Agartala airport. There are direct flights to Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi and Chennai and other places from Agartala. If you are travelling to Agartala by railways then you can travel upto Lumding, Assam, then from Lumding there is overnight express train for Agartala. For road transport, there are bus facilities available from Guwahati, Shillong and Silchar to Agartala. Agartala is situated only at a distance of 2 kms from Bangladesh. There is also bus service to Dhaka from Agartala.